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Pakistan with other developing countries

Comparison of Pakistan with other developing countries


 It is difficult to provide a comprehensive comparison between Pakistan and all other developing countries, as each country has its unique characteristics and challenges. However, some broad comparisons can be made based on various socio-economic indicators:

Pakistan Map


  1. Population: Pakistan is the fifth most populous country in the world, with a population of over 225 million people. Other developing countries such as India and Indonesia have larger populations, while smaller countries such as Vietnam and Ethiopia have fewer people.
  2. Gross Domestic Product (GDP): Pakistan's GDP was approximately $305 billion in 2020, making it the 44th largest economy in the world. Other developing countries such as China, India, and Brazil have larger economies, while smaller countries such as Cambodia and Uganda have smaller economies.
  3. Human Development Index (HDI): Pakistan's HDI was 0.557 in 2019, which is considered low and places it at 154th out of 189 countries. Other developing countries such as Vietnam and Bangladesh have higher HDIs, while countries such as Niger and Mozambique have lower HDIs.
  4. Education: Pakistan has made progress in increasing access to education in recent years, but still has a literacy rate of around 60%. Other developing countries such as Vietnam and Sri Lanka have higher literacy rates, while countries such as Afghanistan and South Sudan have lower literacy rates.
  5. Healthcare: Pakistan faces challenges in providing adequate healthcare to its population, with a high prevalence of infectious diseases and limited access to healthcare facilities in some areas. Other developing countries such as Costa Rica and Thailand have made significant progress in improving healthcare outcomes, while countries such as Yemen and Haiti face significant challenges.
  6. Poverty: According to the World Bank, Pakistan has a poverty rate of 24.3%. Other developing countries such as Ethiopia and Mozambique have higher poverty rates, while countries such as China and Vietnam have lower poverty rates.
  7. Gender equality: Pakistan ranks 151 out of 153 countries in the World Economic Forum's 2020 Global Gender Gap Report, indicating significant gender disparities in the country. Other developing countries such as Rwanda and Nicaragua have made significant progress in closing the gender gap, while countries such as Yemen and Afghanistan have significant disparities.
  8. Corruption: Pakistan ranks 124 out of 180 countries in the 2020 Corruption Perceptions Index by Transparency International, indicating a high level of corruption in the country. Other developing countries such as Thailand and Georgia have made progress in reducing corruption, while countries such as Venezuela and Somalia face significant challenges.
  9. Internet penetration: Pakistan has an internet penetration rate of around 35%, which is lower than other developing countries such as Brazil and Indonesia. However, it is higher than some countries such as Ethiopia and Bangladesh.
  10. Renewable energy: Pakistan has made progress in increasing its use of renewable energy, with around 5% of its energy coming from renewable sources in 2020. Other developing countries such as Costa Rica and Uruguay have made significant strides in using renewable energy, while countries such as Myanmar and Nigeria have lower rates of renewable energy use.
  11. Global innovation index: According to the Global Innovation Index 2020, Pakistan ranks 105 out of 131 economies, indicating that the country has significant room for improvement in areas such as innovation and technology. Other developing countries such as China and India have made significant progress in these areas, while countries such as Ethiopia and Nepal have lower rankings.
  12. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): Pakistan has attracted significant FDI in recent years, with inflows of $2.1 billion in 2020. Other developing countries such as India and Indonesia have attracted much larger amounts of FDI, while countries such as Mozambique and Nepal have lower levels of FDI.
  13. Infrastructure: Pakistan faces challenges in developing and maintaining infrastructure, with inadequate road networks, electricity supply, and telecommunications services in some areas. Other developing countries such as China and Vietnam have invested heavily in infrastructure development, while countries such as Somalia and Haiti face significant infrastructure challenges.
  14. Political stability: Pakistan has faced political instability and governance challenges in recent decades, which has impacted its socio-economic development. Other developing countries such as Costa Rica and Uruguay have stable political environments, while countries such as Syria and Libya face significant political instability.
  15. Environmental sustainability: Pakistan faces environmental challenges such as air and water pollution, deforestation, and soil erosion. Other developing countries such as Costa Rica and Bhutan have made progress in environmental sustainability, while countries such as Bangladesh and Nigeria face significant environmental challenges.
  16. Agriculture: Agriculture is an important sector for Pakistan's economy, accounting for around 20% of GDP and employing over 40% of the labor force. Other developing countries such as Vietnam and Thailand also have significant agricultural sectors, while countries such as Qatar and Bahrain have limited agricultural production.
  17. Urbanization: Pakistan has experienced rapid urbanization in recent decades, with around 40% of the population living in urban areas. Other developing countries such as China and India have much higher rates of urbanization, while countries such as Ethiopia and Nepal have lower rates.
  18. Humanitarian assistance: Pakistan has faced significant humanitarian challenges in recent years, with millions of people affected by natural disasters and conflict. Other developing countries such as Syria and Yemen also face significant humanitarian challenges, while countries such as Rwanda and Bhutan have made progress in reducing humanitarian crises.
  19. Remittances: Remittances are an important source of income for many developing countries, including Pakistan. In 2020, Pakistan received around $26 billion in remittances, making it the fifth largest recipient of remittances in the world. Other developing countries such as India and the Philippines receive much larger amounts of remittances, while countries such as Bhutan and Haiti have lower levels of remittances.
  20. Ease of doing business: Pakistan ranks 108 out of 190 countries in the World Bank's 2020 Ease of Doing Business report, indicating that there are challenges to starting and running a business in the country. Other developing countries such as Thailand and Indonesia have higher rankings, while countries such as Eritrea and Libya have lower rankings.
  21. Education: Pakistan faces significant challenges in providing quality education to its population, with an estimated 22.8 million children out of school. Other developing countries such as India and Bangladesh also face significant challenges in education, while countries such as Vietnam and Costa Rica have made significant progress in increasing access to education.
  22. Health: Pakistan faces challenges in providing adequate healthcare services to its population, with limited resources and infrastructure in some areas. Other developing countries such as Thailand and Costa Rica have made progress in improving healthcare services, while countries such as Yemen and Syria face significant challenges in this area.
  23. Labor force participation: Pakistan has a relatively low labor force participation rate, with around 53% of the population aged 15 and above participating in the labor force. Other developing countries such as Cambodia and Bangladesh have higher rates of labor force participation, while countries such as Libya and Yemen have lower rates.
  24. Youth population: Pakistan has a large youth population, with around 64% of the population under the age of 30. Other developing countries such as India and Nigeria also have large youth populations, while countries such as Japan and Italy have aging populations.
  25. Tourism: Pakistan has significant potential for tourism, with a diverse range of cultural and natural attractions. However, the country faces challenges in developing its tourism industry, with limited infrastructure and security concerns in some areas. Other developing countries such as Thailand and Indonesia have developed thriving tourism industries, while countries such as Yemen and Syria face significant challenges in this are comparisons highlight the diverse challenges and opportunities faced by developing countries, and the need for effective policy measures and tailored solutions to address specific socio-economic issues.

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